In my recent work I’ve been looking into the designs that surround people on a daily basis, which some people don’t even realise exist. The main areas of design I’ve looked into for this purpose are architecture and interior design.
Design movements affect our homes and even newly acclaimed historical buildings in the same way as it affects typographers, painters and also graphic designers. This led me to research the post modernism movement, which has significantly influenced interior and architectural design. In the 1960’s when post modernism was in full effect it transformed many traditional and historic forms of architecture. These alterations evolved into making buildings plain and simple, having less external decoration. I admire the way post modernism designers make plain objects look aesthetically pleasing. Personally, I am impressed by the creation of the clean and clinical atmosphere through design. I have applied the use of this technique when creating the objects for my magazine: keeping them simple.
The choice of materials used through different design periods vastly contributed to how buildings and their interiors were constructed. This was evident when architects began to use concrete to make smooth straight outer layers for the building instead of the more conventional use of solid stone and brick. Interior designers have also changed the materials they used: favouring more reflective and shiny surfaces. In my opinion the light reflection is what makes the rooms seem larger emphasising the use of minimalism in modernism: Producing a more open but not empty feeling.
After researching changes in architectural design styles, I decided to investigate what inspired such practices and movements in design. The main influence on this stage of design was the Bauhaus movement in the 1920’s. The Bauhaus Group were all ready using minimalistic ideas for their designs.
Studying recent interior and architectural designs, it is clear that the influences of such designers as le Corbusier and Walter Gropius has laid the groundwork for the newer designs. The Straight line and minimal colour approach used by both of these designers was very successful with the public. It is easy to see why their designs were so popular when their pieces show perfect balance with the surroundings they are put in.
These historical movements lead me to consider where we are heading with our designs at this particular moment in time. Architecture has started to move into the next generation of design: the movement of deconstructivism.
Deconstructivist designers continue to use some of the elements and techniques of the post modernism movement, alternatively using a more eccentric design template, opposing the prior geometric layouts used in post modernist buildings.
With this way of designing buildings it can appear as if the building is distorted or even leaning over. The use of non – rectilinear shapes gives the buildings a new abstract, dynamic look that can be seen as confusing, strange and impossible to create. However, my personal opinion is that the buildings have become more sophisticated and complex making them visually attractive effectively designed to awe spectators. When designing the front cover for the magazine I followed inspiration from this movement and the illusion works of M C Escher.
I believe the traits of the deconstructivist movement and its works resemble the abstract nature of Picasso’s paintings, transformed into three dimensional buildings in place of illustrations, which leaves me questioning if design is ever original or just developments of past designs.
This research has inspired some intriguing questions of my own: What influence from the past will take us into the future? Will we soon be taking inspiration from old films and books, allowing us to make homes out of trees and mounds of earth? What would this movement be known as? Will it be fant – a – sism because it will resemble fairy tales and fantasy? All we can predict is that it will be a new perspective of something already conceived. It will be interesting to watch and be a part of future developments in design.