Erich Mendelsohn

Erich Mendelsohn , 1887-1953, German architect, pioneer of expressionism. He is best known for his exuberant, sculptural design for the Einstein Tower in Potsdam (1919-21). Mendelsohn turned to more restrained forms in such later works as the Schocken Department Stores in Stuttgart (1926-27) and in Chemnitz (1928). He escaped from Nazi Germany to England in 1933 and after 1934 designed medical centers and other buildings in Haifa and Jerusalem. In 1941, Mendelsohn became a resident of the United States, where he designed several impressive synagogues in the Midwest.

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